Prostate cancer is really a ailment that occurs in the male reproductive system. This cancer is very common as one of the most causes of death in the usa.
The prostate itself accounts for manufacturing of semen. Anatomically, the prostate gland can be found involving the bladder and rectum, so sometimes in diagnosed the ailment we need finger rectal examination besides PSA blood test.
Early indications of prostate cancer nearly often overlooked, as it is usually without symptoms. This really is one answer for that question why this usually located in men aged 50 years along with the most regularly diagnosed in the seventies. Indeed consistent with age, symptom that was not visible will probably be visible. a standard complaint expressed by people who have the disease is pain, particularly if you urinate, sometimes you may found bleeding in urination, and the existence of ere-ctile dysfunction.
The proper diagnosis of prostate cancer is taken through physical examination or with a blood test named PSA. This Prostate Specific Antigen, is the antigen if it incorporated into someone`s blood, your physician will suspect him suffer the cancer. Later the suspicions of prostate specific antigen will be confirmed by using a tissue biopsy.
Appropriate prostate cancer treatment for prostate cancer remains under debate. Treatments vary, dependant upon the stage. During the early stages works extremely well prostatectomy (elimination of prostate) and radiation therapy. If prostate cancer has spread, hormonal manipulation can be accomplished (reduce testosterone levels through the removing of drugs or maybe the testis) or chemotherapy.
1. Radical prostatectomy (removing of the prostate gland).
Often performed on stage cancer A and B. The procedure is long and is usually performed under general anesthesia or spinal. An incision is made in the abdomen or perineal area, and the patient was required to undergo hospital solution for 5-one week. Complications that can happen is the fact impo-tence and incontinence uri. In patients that are still active love life, can be carried out Potency-sparing radical prostatectomy.
2. Orkiektomi (removing of the testes, castration).
Appointment of two testes have decreased testosterone levels, but this process causes psychological and physical effects that can not be tolerated with the patients. Orkiektomi is an effective treatment, does not require re-treatment, when compared with cheaper drugs and after undergoing orkiektomi patient did not need 3d prostate treatment. Orkiektomi usually done in the cancer who had spread.
Radiation therapy used primarily to deal with cancer of A, B and C. Usually if the chance of surgical procedures are too high, then do radiation therapy. Radiation therapy towards the prostate gland can be done in several ways:
1. External radiation therapy performed in hospitals with no need to undergo hospitalization. Negative effects like decreased appetite, fatigue, skin reactions (including redness and irritation), injury or burns on the rectum, diarrhea, cystitis (bladder infection) and hematuria. External radiation therapy is usually done around 5 times / week for 6-8 weeks.
2. Transplant iodine beads, gold or iridium radioactive right on prostate tissue through a small incision. The advantage of this type of radiation treatments are that radiation is directed directly to the prostate with tissue damage inside the surrounding smaller.
1. Hormonal manipulation
The target is to reduce the amount of testosterone. Lowering of testosterone levels tend to be very effective in preventing the expansion and spread of cancer. Hormonal manipulation is mainly utilized to alleviate symptoms without curing prostate cancer, namely cancer in patients who may have been spreading.
Synthetic drug whose function resembles luteinizing hormone Releasing Hormone (LHRH), the more commonly used to take care of advanced prostate cancer. An illustration will be the lupron or zoladeks.
These drugs suppress the development of stimulating the testes to testosterone (this is called chemical castration mainly because it has the same result with the removing of the testes). Drugs given such as injections, usually every three months. One side effects are nausea and vomiting, flushed face, anemia, protatitis and impo-tence.
Other drugs employed for hormonal treatments are androgen inhibitor (eg flutamid), which function to stop the attachment of testosterone on prostate cells. The side effects are impot-ence, liver disorders, diarrhea, and gynecomastia (enlarged breasts).
Chemotherapy is usually accustomed to treat signs of prostate cancer is resistant to hormonal therapy. Usually given an individual drug or mixture of several drugs to eliminate cancer cells.
Drugs that can utilized to treat prostate cancer is:
One side effects vary and depend upon the drugs given. You must carefully think about the benefits and unwanted effects of both treatments to get the prostate cancer treatment options that suit with you.